Puzzles appeared relatively recently-if you believe the legend, they appeared just over 200 Golini as a textbook on geography. The first mosaics of this kind were maps in which a General picture of the world was assembled from pieces of countries. Over time, this entertainment becomes a hobby for adults and children. Today, there are a huge number of puzzles made of different materials for each age and different complexity.
Although it is wrong to assume that puzzles are intended only for entertainment. They occupy a worthy place among developing and training accessories. Working with small elements develops fine motor skills, differences between elements improve perception (the child learns to distinguish parts by size, color, etc.). thanks to puzzles, small researchers predict a better understanding of the relationship between the whole and the partial. Assembly improves concentration, attention, and memory-the more the child plays, the faster it finds the desired item. And, of course, this is the perfect exercise for his patience.
Someone will say that the puzzle loses out compared to the mosaic, which involves our creative abilities. Perhaps this is partly true, although puzzles are also very important-they help to develop logic and imaginative thinking.
What types of puzzles are there?
As we have already noted, there are now many variations and variations of this popular game. All of them are interesting, but not all are suitable for a small child. When choosing a puzzle, you must take into account the child's age, level of development and experience in such games. To make it easier for you to navigate the numerous types, we will briefly tell you about a few of the most popular:
As with other dice, the child usually plays with them from the age of 6 months to 1 year. These games are familiar to everyone-on the sides of the cubes there are elements of the picture, and you need to turn them over and fold so that you can see the entire picture. In this case, the child should not compare the details by their shape-they are the same, the main thing is only the picture. It's nice that with each set you get 6 images at a time. Although they may also be bored, then you can play with the mosaic as with individual cubes, for example, build them or build towers out of them.
A collection of fairy tales can be more interesting for your child if they have the opportunity to participate in the" creation " of the story! There are special places on each page where you need to insert the missing story element. It may be the moon in the sky, a cloud that floats over the river, an Apple that bears a Hedgehog. These puzzles remind us of the sorter-the child needs to find a suitable form of cardboard element to complement the picture. Initially, the child acts intuitively, trying each part, and only over time permines to a conscious location in meaning.
These games remind us of classic puzzles, only their parts are made of special rubberized foam (so they are called "soft"). They have a kind of connecting elements that collect the details in one big picture. Because of these features, they are suitable for older children — from 12 to 18 months. The problem is also complicated by the image-if the sides of the cube have very simple images (sun, flower, house), soft puzzles offer more complex options — for example, fairy-tale characters. Soft puzzles also include fabrics-they can complement the developing Mat, and this will make it even more interesting.
The name is extremely conditional, but very accurately describes these games. The elements in them are made of plastic or wood, thanks to which the child not only collects the picture, but also learns the properties of the material, invoices and even their taste (which is quite normal for a child from 2 to 3 years, for whom such toys are intended). There are also puzzles that produce a two-dimensional image or three-dimensional figure when assembled. Thanks to this, the puzzle functions closer to the constructor and introduces the child to new principles of the game.
The traditional puzzle
The classic version is a lot of cardboard parts with characteristic bends that help connect elements in the overall picture. Please note that different mosaics are recommended for each age group. So, for children from 1.5 to 2 years old, simple puzzles with several parts are more suitable. And for a 2-3-year-old plug, you can buy more complex mosaics with a large number of elements and a more complex pattern. Although in all cases, the drawing should be familiar with the child-only then will the new toy arouse interest.
What features of puzzles are important?
Whatever you choose for your child, keep in mind several important principles when choosing these games. This is not difficult, here are the main criteria:
quality: check how well the puzzle pieces are made, whether there are any splinters, cracks, scratches, sharp chemical smell, peeling paint;
easy Assembly: check how the puzzle pieces are put together - they are connected by the baby, and any excessive effort can upset him, disappoint him in the game;
size: try to choose Puzzles with such parts that on the one hand they are not too small (so that there is no danger that your child is pawing them), and on the other-not too large, so that they are comfortable to hold them;
number of parts: here everything is simple-the smaller the child, the fewer parts the puzzle should contain (you can start with sets with 3-6 parts, and for children under 3 years old, 50-60 parts are enough at most);
age labeling: usually puzzles are labeled for what age they are intended for — and there's certainly a dose of formality in this, because a child as young as 2 can play with puzzles for three-year-olds. All individualno, although it is nice to consider age restrictions;
image: for young children, the image should be fairly simple, familiar, and contrasting and colorful — the child likes bright, rich colors, not close shades of the same color.
And finally, one piece of advice from us: be sure to play with your child. And this is especially important when it comes to puzzles. In addition to the fact that the time spent together will help you get closer, you will not miss the moment when the old puzzle is already tired or becomes too easy. This way, you will understand that it's time to look for something new, more complex! When was your child first introduced to puzzles and what puzzles does he like the most?